Zimbabwe south africa is an independent state located between 15 ° 36 and 22 ° 25 south latitudes, 25 ° 16 and 33 ° 04 east longitudes. Zimbabwe’s neighboring countries are Zambia in the north, Botswana in the west, South Africa in the south and Mozambique in the east.
In the 4th century AD Banbu tribes began to enter the region. In the fifteenth century, a religious and commercial center was established near the city of Fort Victoria today known as Zimbabwe or Great Zimbabwe. In the fifteenth century, the rulers of Mutota and Matope set up a kingdom extending from the Indian Ocean to the east and the Kalahari Desert to the west. Later on in this kingdom, Portugal gave the name Monomotapa kingdom.
In 1505 he founded a base in the Sofalia on the coast of Portugal Mozambique. From here, there were trafficking routes inside. Leaving Portugal’s Zambezin upwards weakened the kingdom of Monomotapa. The country was invaded by tribes from the south in the 1830s. The most important of these was Ndebele, who settled in the southern part of present-day Zimbabwe.
In 1888, British Cecil Rodes obtained royalty concessions from the Ndebele chief. The British South African Company, which it established, held political and economic control in the country from 1889 to 1923. In 1923, South Rhodesia (present-day Zimbabwe) was annexed by England as a headman colonial under a constitution giving political and political power to a white minority.
In 1953, South Rhodesia and North Rhodesia (now Zambia) and Nicaand (now Malawi) joined together by establishing the Federation of Rodezia and Nialand. The Federation broke up in 1963. In 1964 North Rhodesia and Nicaean won their independence in the presence of white people.
On November 11, 1965, Prime Minister Ian D. Smith unilaterally proclaimed Rodezian independence. The United Kingdom opposed it and imposed economic sanctions on the UN. For example, an oil embargo was put on the Rodezia ship. With that, some oil and gasoline entered the country from South Africa and Mozambique. In May 1968, the UN Security Council imposed a trade embargo. In December 1972, the Africans launched a guerrilla war against the white rule. In the middle of 1978, over six thousand soldiers and civilians were killed.
The Rodezian troops defeated the guerrillas. In 1978, an agreement was signed in which the ruling black majority was in control of Simith and three well-known black leaders, until the time of the dynasty. On April 1, 1979, the first general election in which the country was granted voting rights passed parliament,
In 1979 the Thatcher government of the United Kingdom began to striving to bring ordinary things to mind with Zimbabwe. Zimbabwe finally achieved full independence on April 18, 1980. Mugabe won most of the elections made. Today, Mugabe, the president of the state, managed to stay in control despite the various turmoil (1993).
Zimbabwe Physical Structure
It is on a high plateau rising on the eastern border of Zimbabwe with mountains, descending at other borders. About one fourth of the country’s land is 1200-1500 m above sea level. Arâzi reaches 2600 myi in the Inyanga Mountains along the eastern border and reaches the highest raki. The northward descent slowly descends towards the Zambezi River and Kariba Lake. The altitudes in this river valley range from 200 m to 600 m. The width of Victoria’s waterfalls in the Upper Cove is over 1.6 km and the main waterfall is poured from a height of 108 m.
Zimbabwe has a subtropical climate. The rainy warm season lasts from November to March, and the average temperature varies from 11 ° to 18 ° C at various altitudes during the cold dry season in July, and from 20 ° to 31 ° C in October with warm months. The precipitation averages are between 650 and 750 mm. Precipitation is higher in the eastern mountains, less in the southern Limpopo and Sabi valleys.
Zimbabwe Natural Resources
In the southwest, plant coverings dwarf bushes and thorns, and in the east the trees that do not plow their leaves bring them to the field. The main underground riches of the country are chrome, gold, nickel, asbestos, copper, iron and marden coal.
Zimbabwe Population and Social Life
Zimbabwe, which has a population of 9,870,000, lives in villages with 20% of the population in the cities. The most important population centers are Bulawayodur, with a population of 863,000 and a population of 495,000. Zimbabweans bring more than 96% of the population to Zimbabwe. The niggers are divided into two big main groups speaking Bantu tongues. These are Ndebele (16% of blacks) and Shona (80% of blacks). 3% of the population is European, as much as 1% is Asian and different races.
Most of the whites are English Protestant. Most Negroes are pagans. The literacy rate among whites is 100%. The overall literacy rate is 45%. The official language is English. Most people speak Shona and Ndebele.
Zimbabwe Political Life
In Zimbabwe, the Parliament comes from the Senate and the House of Representatives. The Senate has 40 members and has 100 members. Ten senators and 20 members of the council are elected by the president. The country is divided into 8 states. Zimbabwe has been a member of the United Nations since 1980.
The Zimbabwean economy is diversified. Agriculture, commerce and trade are all important. 35% of the working population is engaged in agriculture, 30% is engaged in industrial and commercial activities, 20% is engaged in services and 15% is engaged in government affairs.
The main agriculture products of the country are tobacco, sugar, cotton, corn and wheat. Clothing, chemistry, and light industry have developed.
Most of the energy needed for conversion is produced in the Kariba Hydroelectric Power Plant. The countries where they are located are South Africa, United Kingdom, USA and United Germany.