Ukrainian is a state located in Europe. It is located in the north of Belarus, east of the Russian Federation, south of the Azov Sea, Black Sea, Moldavia and Romania, west of Hungary, Czech Republic and Poland.It is in the front row between the commercial and resort centers, and the dormitories are almost dazzling. Various states were established throughout history in the Historical Region.
The Prince of Kiev, which was founded in the ninth century and was the first Russian state, was destroyed in the 13th century by being exposed to Mongolian attacks. In Western Ukraine, the Principality of Galicia and Volynya continued to dominate from the 11th century to the 14th century.
Most of the country’s territory was under the rule of Lithuania in the 14th century. After the Lublin Union, which made Poland and Lithuania a single federated state, was established in 1569, the territory of Ukraine was virtually dominated by Poland. Leader of the Zaporozhye Cossacks Bogdan Hmelnitski rose up against the Polish government and asked for help from the Russian Tsar in 1651.
This situation caused the war between the Russian Tsarist and Poland. After the war, the territory east of the Dnieper River entered into the dominion of the Kievan Russians. When Crimea entered Russian domination in 1783, new settlement centers started to be established along the Black Sea coast. In the eighteenth century, upon the sharing of Polish territory, the territory of Ukraine on the western side of Dyneper was left to Russian domination and Galicia to Austrian domination.
As nationalist movements widened in Ukraine in the nineteenth century, the Russians resorted to violent measures to suppress these movements. Ukraine limited the use of the host. The Ukrainians living under the domination of the Austro-Hungarian Empire are more comfortable. The Ukrainians, who lived in Galicia during the beginning of the First Cihan Harbin, developed their own cultural, political and religious institutions. After the 1917 revolution in Russia, Kharkov established the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republics. On the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the Ukrainians took over Lemberg, the ruling capital of Galicia in 1918, and set up the National Republic of Western Ukraine.
Although this state was united with the Ukrainian National Constitution in 1919, the Ukrainian military was removed from Galicia in June 1919. Bukovina Romania, the former Ukrainian cities in the territory of Hungary entered the dominance of newly founded Czechoslovakia. The various states were unable to succeed even if they tried to seize control of Ukraine between 1917-21. In 1924 Ukraine became one of the fifteen members of the Soviet Union. Until the Second World War, Ukraine was rapidly industrialized and adopted a collectivization policy in agriculture.
The peasant reacted greatly to this movement. During the Stalin period, the pressure on the region was increased and the use of Ukraine was banned. Only Ukrainians living in Czechoslovakia have broad political and cultural rights. With the signing of the German-Soviet non-aggression Pact in 1939, the territories of East Galicia and Western Volnia, under Polish domination, were left to the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republics. The Germans who attacked Russia in June 1941 invaded Ukraine in a short time.
The Germans, originally supported by Ukrainians, were later compared to guerrilla resistance. All the Ukrainian lands were under Russian domination over the Germans being defeated at the end of the war. The reforms that began in Russia in 1989 caused drastic changes in Ukraine. The first multi-party elections were held. The country has entered a new political and economic turnaround. Ukraine proclaimed its independence in 1991 and became one of the founders of the Commonwealth of Independent States the same year.
Physical Structure The territory of the country covers a large part of the East European Plain. There is an extension of the Central Russia Plate in north east. The Black Sea stretches along the coast of the Black Sea, bringing the Crimean Plain in the Crimean Peninsula.
The Karpat mountains in the west are 240 km long. The Crimean Mountains, between the Black Sea and the Azov Sea, come in three rows of parallel rows. These positions include valleys. The main rivers are the Dinyester and Dinyeper rivers, which flow towards the Azak-Black Sea Basin. Part of the Pripet Swamps and the Azov Sea, an inland sea, remain within the borders of the country.
Climate Ukraine is in a temperate climate. Natural Resources Mines: Ukraine; manganese ore in the richest regions of the world. There are also significant amounts of iron ore. Population and Social Life The population of Ukraine is 51,944,000 and the population density is 86%. 72,7% of the population are Ukrainians, 22% are Russian, and 5,3% are from other nations. 67% of the people live in the cities and 33% live in the villages. Its main cities are Sevastopol, Odessa, Kharkov, Denetsk, Krivay Rog, Zaporozhye. In Ukraine, education between the ages of 7-17 is incompetent and free.
Education is done in Ukrainian. There are also schools where Russian, Moldavian, Polish, Bulgarian, Hungarian, French, German, Spanish and English are used. There are more than 140 higher education institutions in the country and a number of scientific institutions affiliated to the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences Academy. In Ukraine, literacy is like nothing at all.
Economy Economy is based on agriculture and industry. The machine is widely used in agriculture. There are about 8,000 collective farms (Kolkhoz) and about 1700 state farms (Sovhoz) all over the country. On these farms, cattle are fed for meat and milk. Also cereals, vegetables, potatoes and sugar beets are grown.
Steel industry has developed in Ukraine. There are also factories producing metallurgy tools, diesel locomotives, television and tractors in the country. Sun fertilizer, sulfuric acid and sugar factories are important in the economy. Almost all of the energy used in industrial plants is derived from fossil fuels. Political Life The highest legislative body in Ukraine is the Supreme Meclis. Parliament members are elected every five years. The High Council appoints the President and members of the Council of Ministers.