Uganda is a state in East Africa. It lies between Sudan in the north, Zaire in the west, Rwanda and Tanzania in the south, and Uganda, which is adjacent to Kenya in the east, between 29 ° 35 ‘and 35 ° 02’ east latitudes at 4 ° 13 ‘north and 1 ° 23’ south latitudes. History Today’s Ugandans come from the descendants of two groups of immigrants: As the first group, those who came to the south about fifteen centuries brought the current Bantu peoples of the country to the fountain; then the second group from the Nile and Sudan settled tribes in the north and east.
In Uganda, the kingdoms like Bunyoro, Ankole, Buganda and Toro were established. The strongest state in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries was the kingdom of Bunyoro. In the eighteenth century he took over the dominance of the fight against Bunyoro to dominate the region. In 1840, Arab merchants came to the country, causing some Ugandans to become Muslims. At the 1884-85 Berlin Conference, European colonial states agreed on a plan to share Africa. By the end of 1880, England and Germany had signed an agreement to share East Africa.
Kenya and Uganda in England, Tanganika in Germany. Since 1894 Uganda has been under the auspices of the United Kingdom. Uganda became independent on October 9, 1962. Thirty-sixth King of the Ugandan Second Mutesa passed to the Presidency. The president, who has been in a hurry, At the time of Milton Obote, there was little Jewish minority, 90,000 British and 50,000 Hindus brought from India, all of Uganda’s military, cultural and economic possibilities. Uganda Army in 1971 By overthrowing Milton Obote, they brought the popular Idi Amin to the presidency. The Jews of Amen, the British and the Hindus, came out of the land (see Idi Amin). At this time, the passages of Muslims increased rapidly. This situation has caused some powers to be uneasy. There were 26 assassinations to kill Idi Amin.
The Christian Tanzanians occupied Uganda after all these things. Turning from the extreme, he played political games with the President of Christian Christian in December 1980. Milton Obote nearly 100,000 Muslims slaughtered children, elders and women without them. Basilio Olara Okello, who took control in 1985 with a coup, was soon overthrown by the National Resistance Movement under the Yoweri Jewish administration. The novice, who took office as president, strengthened his rule by neutralizing the opposition guerrilla groups within the next three years. After 1980, the first general elections were held in 1989 and elections won the National Resistance Council. The country is in social and economic turmoil (1994-February).
Physical Structure A large part of Uganda is plateau. In the north and north-west the height of the sea from the sea level is 600 to 900 meters. It ranges from 1000 to 1500 meters in the Victoria Lake region. Many mountains rise on the plateau, and they dominate the eastern and western borders of the country. The Ruwenzori Mountains, whose altitude is more than 4800 meters, are divided into two by the border of Zaire. The Mount of the Volcano at 4321 meters tall lies along the Kenyan border. It is shared with the volcanic Virunga Rift at 4504 meters height, Zaire and Rwanda. Approximately 16% (42,439 km2) of Uganda surface area is covered with water.
The main lakes of the country are Victoria, Albert, Edward, Kyoga and George lakes. Victoria Lake is the main source of the Nile River. Climate Despite being on the equator in Uganda, the climate is moderate due to the high altitude of the country. There is no extreme temperature anywhere in the country. The annual temperatures in the south range between 13 ° C and 23 ° C, and in the north between 18 ° C and 30 ° C. Most of Uganda receives at least 1000 mm of precipitation per year. In Uganda, erosion is a more important issue than drought. Natural Resources There are many different types of plants in Uganda. The most common plant species is the sparse tree savanna, which covers the entire north of the country.
Other plant species are the remaining trees from the old forests around Lake Victoria and the Albert Lake east, the arid steppes in the eastern Karamoja region, the open grassy savannahs in the south and southwest, the forests of the mountainous regions and the highlands. It is possible to encounter many different cinste wild animals in Uganda. Chimpanzees, gorillas, elephants, gazelles, lions, waterbirds, wild fauna and zebra countries. Important subterranean riches of the country are copper and cobalt. Population and Social Life Uganda’s population is 17,200,000, only a very small percentage (8.1%) of them live in cities.
Most of the population is located near Lake Victoria, in the east near the border of Algon Mountain and Rwanda. The number of people per kilometer is 59. The only major city in the country is Kampala with a population of 773,500. 98% of Ugandan people are from Africa. There are a few South Asian, Arab and European people. The Africans are divided into four main ethnic groups according to the language they use: Bantu, Nil language, Nil-Hami and Sudan. Bantu constitutes 65% of the population and occupies the entire southwestern part of Uganda.
The main Bantu groups are Ganda, Nicole, Toro, Nyoro, Soga, Gisu and Kiga. Nile people are located in the northern part of Uganda. The groups Lango, Acholi and Alur constitute their heads. The Nile-Hami peoples are present in Northeast Uganda, where Iteso and Karamojong bring large main groups to the square. Sudanese groups live in the northwest corner of Uganda. The largest of these groups is Lugbara. There are many different tribal languages spoken in Uganda. The tribes in the same language family can not agree with each other without being perfect.
The agreement between the four main groups is provided in English, which is the official language at large. 62% of Ugandan people are Christian, 6% are pagans. Nearly half of the children in elementary school continue to study, and 25% of the population are literate. There is a university, higher teacher’s school, a technical high school and a high-trade school in the country. Political Life Uganda is a government-run country, divided into 10 states and 34 seas.
The Constitution of 1967 was suspended due to the military coups. The country is a member of the United Nations, the Organization of African Unity and the United Nations. Economy Uganda economy is based on agriculture. The main food crops grown are banana, cassava, sorghum, corn, peanuts, sesame and beans. Main trade plants are coffee and cotton, which constitute 80% of the country’s exports. Tea and tobacco are also grown for export purposes. Livestock is developing in Uganda, and cattle, goats and sheep are grown in the north-east and south-west of the country.
The fishery is advanced in the great lakes of the country and in the reservoir lakes. Food, cement, building materials and textile industries are developed industries. Tourism is improving. The length of Uganda highways is about 28.332 km, which is 2240 km long. The railway that runs between Kampala and Kenya’s Mombasa city has been extended to the west in Kasse and to Pakwach in Kenya near Tororo from the Albert Nile. Near the Kompala there is the international airport in Entebbe. Car rental and rental agency is also very convenient in.